Leadership styles are more popular in today’s organizational workplace. However, a lot of research has done about these leadership styles. In the late 1930s, a research undertaken by Kurt Lewis about the leadership styles and their research has considered more productive still now. According to Lewin framework, there are three leadership styles: Autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership style.
Let’s take a look about all these leadership styles one by one.
Autocratic Leadership Style: Autocratic leaders provide clear directions to their followers or subordinates about what, when, and how to do the tasks. Moreover, autocratic leadership style does not allow participation of subordinates in any decision making. However, we can say that autocratic leader has an authority to give orders or directions about the tasks.
Democratic Leadership Style: Democratic leadership is a participative leadership style as well as most popular in today’s organizational workplace as it give somehow decision making power to the employees about their work. Moreover, this leadership is more productive as the employee’s participation reveals many creative ideas. However, the democratic leader makes the final decision but he allow employees to give the feedback about their tasks.
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Laissez-Faire Leadership Style: Laissez-faire leadership is also called delegative leadership style. This leadership style gives a lot of freedom to the followers to do task in which way they want. It is useful when the leader has trust or confidence on their employees that they are competent enough to do their task by themselves. However, leaders must use this leadership style shrewdly to avoid complacency.
All three leadership styles are good however; a leader should choose the leadership style depending on the situation and the nature of the follower. Lets take a look on the following situations:
Autocratic Leadership is productive for the new employees who are at learning phase, as they need directions about what, when and how the tasks to be completed. Furthermore, new employees need a lot of assistance or supervision in order to become master in their work.
In addition, participative leadership style is more productive for employees who are experienced, competent, and mature enough. However, these experienced employees are more knowledgeable to give better ideas to the leader about decision-making.
In some circumstances, all three leadership styles are applicable when the other factors are involved. For instance: availability of time to complete the task, kind of relationship with follower, any internal conflicts in your organization, number of tasks on hand, and stress level of employees regarding completion of tasks. Therefore, whether you lead a small team or large one, being alert your leadership style is imperative to your eminent victory.